In the rankings of most expensive streets, Alta mount road is ranked 10th. Lodha group acquired the area from the US consulate. It is around 375 crore surpassing the bids made by Mahindra Life spaces and TATA Housing. Lodha Altamount aims to be world’s finest luxurious residential projects at the most coveted location in Mumbai. This project was designed to stand distinctly in the skyline of Mumbai. It has been designed keeping in mind the comfort of the end user with most of the high end amenities and services. At the start of the design and work the intent of the architect was clear. They try to create a distinct iconic landmark in the Mumbai skyline.
All the structural elements in this structure were designed in such a manner that it remain essentially elastic during wind and low level seismic lateral loading, including the core wall coupling beam, the core wall flexure and shear, diaphragms and collectors, basement walls and foundations. To overcome the city’s land cost and the time constraints steel was the best option. The floor plan designed in a way such that the central core takes the horizontal forces and smaller columns on periphery take the point loads. By transferring the columns such that they are mostly at the periphery of the building, flexibility in planning has been achieved.
Speed of construction, floor area and floor height was optimized with the help of steel. The floor area was optimized using smaller column sizes. Loads on the foundation was also minimized. Steel is lightweight construction system which minimizes loads on foundation and therefore saves on sub-structure costs, which can be important for building extensions. During the design stage of the project the significant challenge faced by the designers was designing of embedded connections of the outrigger steel trusses with the RCC core walls. To evaluate the realistic design loads in the members of outrigger trusses and the column supporting outrigger trusses sequential analysis had used.
Due to advance construction technique of composite structure the building was completed in record time. The composite metal deck slabs and RCC slabs are acting as in plane rigid diaphragms for each of the floors, connecting the columns and the RCC core. The foundation is RCC raft foundation of varying thickness, under the entire building footprint, designed to transfer the loads to the foundation strata and resist upward water pressure due to perched water during rainy season. Including 8 podium levels Lodha Altamount is a residential tower of 40 floors. The development consist of 52 residence fully serviced by hospitality experts. This is an all glass façade tower with three sides open for panoramic views of Arabian Sea and the Mumbai city. Tekla Structural Steel Designing Courses in Kerala
System developers and designers continually optimize and refine the design of components to achieve a high degree of economy as well as satisfy various architectural trends. Roof is one of the most complex components in typical framed residential structures. Roof structures are mainly formed using roof trusses of various types in cold formed roof structures. Number of superior features are offered by cold formed light gauge steel which makes it an attractive material for truss system. Strength stiffness quality and light weight features of cold formed steel trusses makes them ideal for long spans. Complex roof geometric s can be easily achieved since various sections and sizes are available.
While trusses are structurally relatively simple, because of the complex sections used, numerous combinations of loads which need to be considered and the requirement for different roof trusses with different geometries in a house, it has become a common practice to use software programs like Tekla to analyze and design roof trusses. Roof systems using cold formed high tensile steel can be provided to suit various types of roof construction like hips, gables, dutch gables, mansard, etc. Variety of trusses can be used depending on the shape of the roof. Flexibility of roll forming of sections make to possible to introduce more sophisticated fabrication techniques, trusses with different cross sections.
The permanent forces acting on the structures include the self weight of all structural components of the roof and the weight of all permanent fixtures such as solar panels, water tank, air conditioning plant etc. Concentrated load should be considered at mid span of members and when there is an overhang, a load case should consider the application of the concentrated point load at a distance of 100 mm away from the edge. All roof systems components including the truss, battens, cladding and bracing should be designed to act together to transfer all forces to appropriate supports. The application of wind internal pressure needs to be carefully considered while designing trusses which support ceilings. The internal pressure will act on the ceiling plane if the ceiling is fully sealed.
Tekla like software are becoming widely available for analysis of trusses. Analysis helps to find the axial forces, bending moments, shear forces and deflections for all load components. The typical truss connection are those at the apex and heels. The connection between the top chords of a truss to the roof batterns is critical in maintaining the fully restrained condition for the top chord. Web bracing is one of the bracing items which is specific for trusses. This reduce the specific length of the web members. To transfer the horizontal wind loads top chord bracing are designed perpendicular to the span of trusses to the supports. They are required to provide restraint to the roof battens or purlins that act as lateral buckling restraints to the top chord of the trusses when they are in compression. It was emphasized that if a designer is not using computer program to carry out analysis and design they need to exercise a degree of engineering judgment to reduce the number of combination and checks to be computed. TEKLA training center in KERALA
Modular buildings are actually off site based construction method. It’s clear from this sentence that what actually does modular building means. Modular building is also called as Pre Engineered Steel Building (PEB). The individual building components are actually designed and engineered at factories. From the factories where they are manufactured, they are transported to the location where they need to be installed. At jobsites they are assembled using nut and bolt technology. Traditional method which we used to follow here was building all the components at the jobsite itself and step by step assembling of the parts. Modular building concept made a change to that traditional method of construction.
Traditional methods were slower compared to modular building. Modular building technology made almost 50% savings in time. Modular building also provide advantages such as flexibility in expansion, environmental friendly, earthquake resistance, single source responsibility etc. They also make impact such as faster return on investment, lesser project cost and the green building features etc.
Modular building provides facility of easy accommodation to the changes in plans about construction at the execution stage also. Modification and expansion can easily be done in this technology. Experienced engineers can make optimized designs by intelligent use of steel. Steel can be efficiently used such that the total production cost of the structure can be very well minimized.
In our country we have many traditional construction materials so there was a difficulty in minds of people in accepting steel as a construction material. Later it get accepted in some simple buildings and warehouse applications. After that mindset among people got changed and accepted steel as an alternate construction technology. The fastness that offered by steel construction as well as the earthquake resistance it provide also made a big impact in changing the mindset of people. The steel has also got good resale value so that it can be sold as scrap. Nowadays PEB is used in almost all industry segments like warehouses, shipyards, showrooms, supermarkets for different type of applicants. New application areas such as heavy industry structures, high rise buildings, and multilevel car parking structure are being explored.
In metro rail projects this technology is used since traditional construction method is not possible due to heavy traffic and lack of space. Cities are getting filled with vehicles day by day and cannot afford big construction equipment’s between those. This technology proves to be ideal solution for such type of construction. Since they are fabricated at another place only job is to do the assembly at location. This will result in faster project completion hence reducing the total production cost too.
PEB had not influenced much in residential sector but the scope of growth is more when we look at the facilities and advantages provided by PEB. PEB can be used well in construction of houses for the homeless. Such projects looks for low cost construction. Modular building technology using steel is better option for such projects. It gives provision for low cost homes for the homeless. Reliant Institute of Technology is an authorized TEKLA training center in KERALA
FROM THIS VIDEO YOU CAN LEARN
Tekla Structural Basics
-how to create a new model
– modify the grid
– add a reference model
– create views
– create and modify parts
Structural steel detailing is a vital process of structural design and demands near-99% accuracy and reliability .
A tiny error can lead to a reduction of valuable time and money. Structural steel detailing is an important and mandatory process in all types of manufacturing and construction activities, such as erection all type of buildings, factories and institutes, as well as shipbuilding. The steel detail is a necessary ‘communications link’ that connects key experts such as engineers, designers, contractors, fabricators and others–all of whom are separately and collectively in charge of the highest levels of reliability at each stage.
Steel Detailing process involves two main types of drawings
- Shop drawings
- Erection drawings.
Steel detailing standards:-steel detailing standards of different countries as follows:
- American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
- American Welding Society (AWS)
- National Institute of Steel Detailing (NISD)
- Canadian Institute of Steel Construction
- Australian Institute of Steel Construction
- Euro Codes and British Standard Codes
Tekla is a software solution for structural Engineers to build up models with efficient and high accuracy. Non- compromising quality will deliver required models for the Engineers.
Tekla software can be used in different areas of Building constructions, they are:
- Industry Halls
- Civil structures
- Stairs & Railings
- Offshore constructions
- Aluminum structures
Why we recommend to Use TEKLA
- Model the Most complicated projects easily
- Integrated software for modeling,structural analysis and documentation
- Quickly share the constructable design information with project clients.
- You can include all materials with the model.
- Catching up new client opportunities to elaborate service and enjoy with competitive models.
- Error free design with reliable coordination.
- Construction documentation has been easily generated from the model.
- Tekla Structures is not limited to steel detailing software, but a flexible integrated solution for the entire structural design process.
TEKLA training enhance your knowledge in the filed of TEKLA Structural Design .
To know more about Tekla Training: Tekla Training with Internship
Efficient TEKLA Service: Tekla Software Service in Kerala.
Tekla Structures 2016 has a new programme that, additionally to trying modern and clean, makes modeling easier and quicker. There are several efficiency improvements: for instance, you’ll be able to begin modeling by selecting a model from the list of recent models, and continue by creating your own custom tab. The icons are modern and recognizable, and you’ll be able to simply spot what you would like.
One always desires a trifle time to get used to a new programme. to form this transition easier, two things in Tekla Structures have remained primarily the same: Keyboard shortcuts and command names.
The re-creation additionally brings a singular improvement in to handling reference info from alternative projects: once a Tekla Structures user receives an IFC model, he will see what changes the opposite project parties have created to that. Reference handling and collaboration are easier, preventing style and detailing errors.
Tekla development worked has listened to the desires of the purchasers. for instance making and written material drawings is currently easier, a lot of flexible and reliable, and 2nd library offers ready-made details like bolts—you can simply decide details rather than drawing these. additionally, Tekla Structures 2016 leverages informed, easier cast in place concrete construction and sleek collaboration for structural engineers, and offers powerful tools and options for formed concrete and steel fabricators.